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Updates and Reminders

Reminder: Correct Story Reading Administration

The correct directions for administering and scoring the Reading Accuracy, Fluency and Comprehension portion at grades 1, 2 and 3 are provided in detail below:

SAY: I’m going to ask you to read a story.  The title of the story is _____________.  After you read it, I’ll ask you a few questions.  Read the story out loud to me.

DO:  Place the Story Booklet in front of the student.  Start the stopwatch when the student reads the first word of the story.  As the student reads, mark errors on the Student Record Sheet. 

Mark any words not read correctly with a slash ( / ) on the Student Record Sheet.

Errors include:

  • Mispronunciations – The student pronounces the word incorrectly.  This includes leaving off –s, –ed and –ing endings.
  • Substitutions – The student replaces the correct word with a different word.
  • Omissions – The student skips a word.
  • Reversals – The student reads adjacent words in the wrong order.
  • Hesitations – The student pauses for longer than 3 seconds or takes longer than 3 seconds to sound out a word.  In these cases,  provide the word and count it as an error. 

Items not considered errors:

  • Insertions – The student adds a whole word that does not appear in the text.
  • Self-corrections – The student makes an error, but then corrects the error.
  • Repetitions – The student reads the same word or phrase multiple times.
  • Loss of place – The student skips a line or loses their place. Redirect the student to the correct place in the story and allow the stopwatch to continue to run.

If the student reads the same word incorrectly multiple times throughout a story, count the word as an error each time it is read incorrectly.  All words, including names, are scored in the same way.

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